Internet can change your world. Use its power judiciously to
hone your skills as a medical professional, and see the
This is the information
age, and knowledge is power today. More than ever before, it
is imperative to be updated to what is happening around. And
for this purpose, all available resources ought to be utilized.
patients read up about
their physical condition, check out alternatives and seek
opinions before they visit a doctor. They are able to do all
this from the comfort of their homes, thanks to the Internet.
Therefore, as a doctor, you ought to be a little bit more
informed, and it is vital to exploit all the potential that
the Internet provides.
Internet in India started in 1995 with VSNL as the only
gateway to the Internet. Today, a number of ISPs (Internet
Service Providers) such as MTNL, Mantra Online, Satyam, etc.
provide you a range of options to choose from.
vast network of computers that store documents, known as Web
pages, linked together by hyperlinks, the Internet is like the
world’s largest library. To view an HTML document, you will
need software that understand the HTML format. These software
packages, known as browsers are generally graphical in nature,
user friendly and posses additional features. Currently the
more popular browsers are Internet Explorer and Netscape
Navigator. Both Browsers come loaded with
all sorts of features. Fortunately, you can learn the
basics in just a few minutes, then take time to explore the
more advanced functions. Both Explorer and Navigator have more
similarities than differences, so Dr.KSM will primarily
cover those. A browser has a set of buttons on the top known
as the toolbar. There is also a text entry box where you can
enter the name of any site that you want to visit. Since the
toolbars for Navigator and Explorer differ slightly, well
first describe what the buttons in common do:
BACK button returns you the previous page you have visited
the FORWARD button to go to the next page from which you went
takes you to whichever home page your have choosen.
or REFRESH loads the Web page again
allow to search the Net from Microsoft's site in Internet
Explorer and from Netscape Netcenter in Navigator.
lets you make a hard copy of the current document loaded in
STOP button stops the browser from loading the current page.
reload or Refresh ?
all of the elements of a web page haven't loaded the first
time, because the file transfer was interrupted. Also when you
download a web page, the data is cached, meaning it is stored
temporarily on your computer. The next time you want that
page, instead of requesting the file from the web server, your
Web browser just accesses it from the cache. But if a web page
is updated frequently, as
may be the case with news, sports scores or the latest medical
breakthroughs you won’t get the most current information. By
reloading the page, this timely data is updated.
to use the STOP button
is a good reason why the web is jokingly referred to as the
“World Wide Wait (WWW)”. If you can’t connect to
a site, use the STOP button and try again later, especially if
you are trying to access a popular site.
with most software, there is more than one way to accomplish a
task. Here are a few other features to help you navigate:
you hop from page to page
and Web site to Web site, your browser remembers where
you’ve been. Just look under the Go menu in Navigator and
History button in Explorer. There you’ll find a history of
your travels. To return to a previous place, just click on the
name. By the way, you can also use the Go menu to move forward
or back. Another way to move between pages with Navigator is
by clicking the right mouse button. A pop-up menu will appear
and you can choose to move forward or back.
go through a simple exercise in surfing the Net. Let’s start
with a website, say www.drksm.com. This address is called as a
URL (Universal Resource Locator). Enter the URL into the
browser window, make sure your Internet connection is working,
and the page will start to Load. Both Navigator and Explorer
have a small picture in the upper right hand corner of the
browser. When this image is animated, it mean’s that your
browser downloads these remote files to your computer, then
displays them on your screen.
the bottom of the web browser you will find a window known as
a status bar. Here, you can watch the progress of Web page
transactions, such as the address of the site you are
contacting, whether the host computer has been contacted and
the size of the files to be downloaded.
moving your mouse to the page, you will notice the arrow
turning into a hand over some parts of the text (generally
underlined and in blue) or some images. This depicts a
hyperlink to another document. This document may be on the
same website located on a different server. Now, if you wish
to revert back to the main page, you to the previous page that
you visited. The forward button would reverse the operation.
The Print button can be used to take a printout of the page on
an attached printer. The stop button stops the browser from
loading the HTML document. The Refresh button reloads the HTML
document. If you want to visit a link without closing the
current page that you are viewing, right click on the
link, now among the options that you are presented with,
choose the option that will allow you to view the document in
a new window. This way, you will have two windows of you
browser running. It is possible to open a number of Windows,
but that would also slow down your browsing speed.
If you get the URL wrong, your browser will indicate
that an error has been made. A URL has no spaces between
letters, and always uses forward slashes. You could also use a
browser to understand files that follow methods other than
HTML. In order to make it explicitly clear that you are using
HTML, your URL should look like this: http://www.drksm.com
where the HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. It
serves to specify the way in which the file is to be
transferred. The address after the http:// is the location
where you want to go.
first part of a URL (before the two slashes ) tells you the
type of resource or method of access at that address. For
example, some of the more common types are:
hypertext document or directory
gopher document or menu
file available for downloading or a directory of such
second part of a URL (after the two slashes) is typically the
address of the computer where the data or service is located.
The rightmost portion of a domain name often indicates the
type of site it lives on. The most common domain name
Site (mostly for USA and Canada)
More information go to http://www.icann.org
additional lower level domains specific to India are
most educational institutions in India are on it
For More Information go to http://domain.ncst.ernet.in
as bookmark in a book helps you find the page you were last
reading much faster, bookmarks in browsers let you quickly
access URLs that you use often. With millions of web sites and
more coming online daily, you will undoubtedly find ones you
want to revisit. Bookmarks save the address of your favorite
sites, so your can return to them quickly, without having to
remember the URL or to retype the address. Whether you are
using Netscape Navigator or Microsoft Explorer, the procedure
is similar, although Microsoft calls bookmarks as Favorites.
Once you find a site you want to save, go to the bookmarks (or
Favorites) menu and select Add bookmark. When you return to
the bookmarks menu, the title of the web page you recorded
will be at the bottom of the list. To visit a book marked web
site, just click on it.
file can be downloaded off web pages by simply clicking on it.
Alternatively, you can also right click the link and choose
'Save target As'. There is another developed exclusively for
downloading files off the net known as FTP (File Transfer
protocol) where you would have to replace the http:// with
ftp://. Some sites have an alternative FTP site, to enhance
downloading files. Since HTTP also facilitates file downloads
along with other features, it is taking over FTP as the
preferred way to download files. FTP sites however, are still
used on sites dedicated to distribute software. Applications
such as CuteFTP and WSFTP are available to help you download.
However for most basic FTP functions, you can use your own
browser for accessing FTP sites.
Prefers Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0
is the most common form of communication on the internet. It
is the digital or electronic version of a normal postal
service. So, when you mail someone, the person gets the equivalent
of a letter and he /she can reply to you. On the Internet,
which spans countries and continents, there is a uniform
scheme of addressing everyone. This address is E-mail ID.A
typical E-mail ID would read: firstname.lastname@example.org
( like email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org )
are three main parts of this E-mail ID:
the actual login name, or the person’s unique identification
within the organization.
the organization's name
the class of organization. This category is also known as a
top-level domain. In order to understand the various top-level
domains, see the accompanying box on domain names.
ISPs provide an e-mail account that you can access using
e-mail software like Outlook and Eudora. Web based e-mail
services such as Hotmail or Yahoo provide email services for
free that you can access through web pages after you’ve
signed up for them. These are more popular now as they allow access
to your e-mail from any computer. Whatever your form of
access, you will always have a unique login name that forms
part of your e-mail ID. Along with this, you will have a
password that will ensure that only you can access your
mailbox. All your incoming
mail will be placed by default in a folder called In Box.
that e-mail is only plain text. So, if you need to send more
than simple text in your electronic mail messages, you can
attach computer documents including word –processor,
spreadsheet, graphic, and video files to an e-mail message. So
e-mail is a useful way to share files. Always
compress the files before sending. Use standard
compression techniques like ZIP, Z,etc. this can be done using
compression applications like PKZIP, WINZIP ( http://www.winzip.com
) and similar applications. Also mention in the e-mail the
software that can be used to view or edit the file attached.
person who receives you e-mail with an attachment can open the
attachment if he or she has the program in which the
attachment was created. If the recipient does not have the program
you used to create your attachment, he or she may be able to
get the appropriate viewer, such as Microsoft Word viewer or
MP3 player. A viewer contains the components of a program
needed to display a file created with the full version of the program.
e-mail is only plain text, it cannot infect your machine with
viruses. On the other hand, file attachments are normal files
and can be therefore very dangerous take care with
running/opening them, some of the world's deadliest viruses
today are transferred via e-mail attachments.
you wish to send e-mail, first find out the complete e-mail
address of the person you are sending the message to. Enter
this address in the To: area. A carbon copy of the mail can be
sent to someone else by use of the CC: field (any address entered
into the BCC: field or Blank Carbon copy field. Will make that
address invisible to the other recipients). Each e-mail has a
subject field. Use this judiciously to concisely indicate what
the e-mail is about. E-mails are also date and time stamped so
the person who receives it can tell who sent it and when. Some
modern e-mail software can spell-check on the e-mail before
you send it.
an e-mail address is incorrect in some way (the system’s
name is wrong. The domain doesn’t exist, whatever), the mail
system will bounce the message back to the sender (i.e. you).
The message will include the reason for the bounce, a common
error is addressing mail to an account name that doesn’t
exist. In order to simplify remembering long e-mail ID’s
e-mail software allow nicknames to substitute e-mail address.
If you want to send mail to email@example.com
, but have known him as ‘ksm’ then you can now associate
ksm with that long e-mail ID by simply adding his name,
nickname and E-mail ID to the address book. So, each time you
to send him E-mail, all you have to do is just type ‘ksm’
in the To: field and the software will put in the rest of the
POP access, you connect to the server, send your e-mail and
download all the incoming
ones to your machine. And unlike Web based e-mail services,
you can then read, delete, modify or reply to the mails you
received at you won leisure, offline, i.e., when you are not
connected to the internet. This saves a lot of money and
valuable Internet time. Examples of this type of e-mail
software include Microsoft’s Outlook express and Netscape
Communicators e-mail access.
Prefers Microsoft Outlook or Outlook Express
Web based access, your e-mail access is via the Web pages of
the site offering you the e-mail access. Therefore, to read,
reply or create any message, you need to be connected to the
Internet. Examples include www.mailcity.com
, among others. To use Web based e-mail, first create an
account. Go the respective site and follow the instructions
for new users. You will have to enter some details about
yourself. Once this is done, your account will be created. To
Check your E-mail, enter the address of the site that you need
to visit in the browser. You may need to enter your E-mail ID
and password at the start.
a POP mail account, then here is the Web View of the POP Mail.
POP mail is usually accessed through popular email clients
like Microsoft Outlook. But when you are on Journey or away
from your Personal Computer system, here you can check your
POP mail through Easy-to-Use interface on WWW in the following
to configure the Outlook
Express comes with a very useful wizard with which you can set
up your account very quickly. To use the wizard, start Outlook
on the Add button and select Mail.
your name in Display Name, click Next.
your e-mail address, click Next.
POP3 as the Incoming Server and enter the POP3 server name,
your login name, and your password in the appropriate
locations, click Next.
the method of access via your ISP, click Next.
how you will establish your Internet Connection, click Next.
on Finish and Close.
on to the Internet, and check your e-mail.
sites offering free e-mail accounts:
- many options to use.
You can send an inland card to distant villages through email.
Check it out.
Web based Email , POP mail and also Forwarding Service)
sitting here in India chatting with your best friend in
America for hours on end. Sounds like an expensive
proposition? Not so, if you’re using the Internet to chat. This,
along with e-mail, has changed the way we communicate. Simply,
put, chatting is talking to others people who are using the
Internet at the same time as you are. From focused,
professional chats to casual chats, the phenomenon is really
popular. You can visit many chat sites on the Internet where
you can discuss any topic under the sun with people you
haven’t even met. A popular choice among chatters is
Internet Relay chat (IRC).
conversations take place in thousands of virtual areas, called
channels. A channel is an area that is dedicated or devoted to a
particular topic. People can therefore choose to enter
channels that deal with the subjects of their interest. To
uniquely identify yourself, you will need a nickname. If you
log onto an IRC server, you will be provided with a list of
channels, generally denoted by subject/ topic an example of
which could be heart-disease. Once you join a channel,
‘public’ conversations that are now occurring between
various people all over the world will appear on you screen.
software exists for chatting, you can chat using you browser
as well. Sites like www.talkcity.com
are probably where you should start. To search for specific
channels you can use the search facilities of the site to look
around for any discussions that could be of interest to you.
As an example, consider a chat session at Yahoo. If you own an
E-mail ID from Yahoo, you can use the same ID (which now
becomes your nickname) and password for chatting (If not, you
well need to create one). Yahoo provides you Java based chat
(as opposed to html based chat), so you will need to ensure
that your browser is Java enabled (Tools> Internet
Options> Advanced). At the main Yahoo chat page, you will
see a link that is titled Health/ Family. Clicking on it will
yield a list of rooms that you could visit. A room is the
equivalent of a channel. Once you enter the room, you can read
and take part in the conversations taking place there. Just
below this is the text enter box where you can add your inputs
to the conversations. On the right, you will see the list of
people currently present in the room. If you want to send a
private message to someone. Double click on that person’s
nickname. This will open a window enabling a private message
to the person. If you wish to leave, use the Exit option.
channels like #india,#mumbai, etc on Yahoo and Talkcity, most
Indian portals also feature chat services.
chat channels are structured around the concept of time based
meetings. In such an instance, either people on the channel
meet almost at the same time everyday or the channel itself
has invited some major personality to be online and chat with
the rest of the world. For example, if you always wanted to
talk to X, Who is a world renowned authority on something that
interests you, it just might be possible that you could get to
chat with him even without leaving the confines of your home!
instead of Web Based Chats, Chat software's are gaining more popularity.
Yahoo Messenger ( http://messenger.yahoo.com
), MSN Messenger ( http://messenger.msn.com
), ICQ ( http://www.icq.com )
are among the best ones. Download the software from the
respective sites, install it and register and then you can
have chat sessions. Just follow the instructions in the Help
Prefers Yahoo Messenger ( http://messenger.yahoo.com
from the many things that one can do on the Internet, there
are many things that you should not do. One example is of capitalizing
words, because capitalization is the equivalent of shouting on
the Net. Avoid directly contradicting or disagreeing with
anyone. Even if you have to, try to put it across as politely
as possible. You may be talking to someone who is from another
culture from the other end of the world. A simple joke to you
could be an insult to another. Also, when you just enter a
channel/mailing list, don’t immediately join the discussion.
Wait for a while, watch what people are talking about, get a
hang of the atmosphere before you take the plunge. This could
save you embarrassment, if you have not actually understood
the focus of the group when you joined it. For example, if a
newsgroup (fictional) was titled sci.med.diseases.lawyers and
you assumed that it was about diseases that affected lawyers,
you may have a surprise in store. It may well turn out that
this is one of those newsgroups dedicated to intense lawyer
bashing from frustrated doctors out there. They were probably
referring to what a disease lawyers are (No offence intended),
also a smile
nowadays graphical smileys are included in the chat software's.
and Mailing Lists
and Mailing Lists are a different form of communicating on the
Net. Rather than being interactive and in real time, these
methods of communication are discussions that are offline, In
a newsgroup, people who are interested in a particular subject
can write and submit articles dealing with it. The article can
then be read to the other participants in the group. This way,
the entire discussion that is taking place is stored via the
UseNet. Using a suitable NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol)
client ( e.g.. Netscape’s Collabra) you can view and post
articles. The great part about newsgroups is that it is well organized
and perhaps more meaningful than chatting.
example of a newsgroup is Sci.med. diseases.cancer, where the
top domain is ‘sci’ which stands for discussions related
to science. The next domain ‘med’details that discussions
under this level deal only with medical postings. Similarly,
‘diseases’ and ‘cancer’ are specific domains within
their preceding domains. This well-structured organization
allows you to quickly enter the discussion of your interest.
If you use Outlook Express, it comes with a wizard that allows
you to configure your newsgroup access very simply. The only
thing that you need to first do is finding out from your ISP
the name of the NNTP server. Web-based newsgroups provide a
means to access newsgroups from within a browser. One example
is the site at www.deja.com
. sometimes , some sites themselves provide discussion boards. These
are very similar to newsgroups, but are not part of them and
are generally very subject-specific. You can get there only by
searching for them.
lists are the e-mail equivalent of newsgroups. However, they
have no central organization or coordination. Mailing lists
are a group of people who e-mail each other, while discussing
a particular topic. There are specific Websites that are
devoted to organizing and co-coordinating mailing lists. Sites
such as www.yahoogroups.com
, www.listz.com and www.lsoft.com/lists.list_q.html
are places where you can start looking for the lists of you
interest. Listz.com also stores information about newsgroups,
so it probably is the first site that you should visit.
an example, if you were looking for a mailing list on the
thyroid gland, you could go to listz.com Once there you will
need to type thyroid and search. The site will present you
with a number of options, and hyperlinks to each one of them.
Clicking on any will get you all the information the site has
on that particular mailing list. This page will contain
information on the list, instructions on how to join and other
subscribe information. In this case, if you need information
on the list, you will have to send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
with the words: ‘info THYROID’ in it. For additional help
on subscribing, you could also send the word: 'help' to the
same address. The list server will send you a reply asking for
a subscribe request in a particular format. This e-mail will
also have instructions on how to remove yourself from the
list, if you need to. Examples for newsgroups and mailing
lists of interest can be found below.
and Mailing List
are some of the newsgroups under sci.med. Some additional
medical related newsgroups that are present in the alt.med
category are also listed.
AIDS: treatment, pathology/biology of HIV (Moderated)
: all aspects of cardiovascular diseases
Dentally related topics: all about teeth.
of immune illness.
gynecology, ( moderated)
Repetitive strain injuries (RSI) & job injury issues.
Orthopedic surgery (Moderated)
Pathology and laboratory medicine.
The teaching and practice of pharmacy.
Dialogue and news in psychiatry and psychobiology.
All aspects of radiology.
Human vision, visual correction, and visual science
helping people with allergies
Fibromyalgia Fibrositis list
Discussions of treatment of paralysis / paraplegia.
: Anesthesia and Critical care resources on the internet.
Anesthesiology Discussion list.
Critical Care medicine mailing list.
Medical humor Among health care personnel.
The one and only smart Drugs/ Nootropics Discussion list.
:spiritual implications for Medicine and psychology.
Discussion list on antibiotics resistance.
lists are only a small sampling of the 8000 lists available at
information on the Internet is much more difficult than it
seems. Every day,
more information than what you can imagine gets added to the
Internet. No matter how detailed or specific your query, you
to find a Website to
help you out. A search engine is software that allows you to
search the Web for documents of interest to you. Examples of
search engines include www.google.com,
www.altavista.com , www.hotbot.com
, www.askjeeves.com , www.yahoo.com
,etc.These Search engines are general and conatin lot of
information. However, there are aslo Medical Specific Search
engines such as www.medscape.com
These are a little more specific and will automatically reduce
the number of false alarms that any medical centered search
will produce. If you are unable to find anything positive with
one engine, you should still try the other engines, as the
number of Web pages catalogued by each search engine varies.
general search engines do not require any additional
registration before you begin to
use them However, Medical search engines such as
Medscape and Medline do so. This registration is free and is a
very simple process. Once you register, you have complete
access to the resources on the site.
an example, consider a situation where you are looking for
information on pollen related allergies. You have to first
think of key words likely to be present in a document that
would interest you. In this case, pollen, allergy,
sneezing, rashes, immune could be the possible alternatives.
One you enter the key words in the search engine, it compares
all the documents that it has in its database with the key
words that you supplied. If the words match, then it will
signal that page as a hit, or a possible document that you
could be interested in.
are some parameters, which may help you refine a search. For
example, if you type (in some browsers) pollen AND allergy,
the search engine will only return documents that contain the
word pollen and the word allergy. The accompanying box on Boolean
Searches will provide you with more information. In order to
further prune your search you could ask for ‘Pollen
allergy’ this will only return documents with the exact
words ‘pollen allergy ‘ in that order. Each time you
submit a set of keywords to a search engine, it will respond
with a list of pages that it thinks are useful. You can then
use this list of pages as an initial starting point for your
individual page in this list of hits will have short
description of that page. This description is quite useful and
can save a lot of time by eliminating many false hits. The
site address of where the document is stored will be present
in the description. It is also a good idea not to directly use
the same windows for surfing. Use the right click to open each
of the documents in new windows. This way, you can always get
to your search quickly if the first few pages are of no use to
that you actually reach a page that is of interest to you, you
could do many things from there on. You could take a printout,
if a printer is attached to your PC. Or save a copy of the page to your hard disc. Another option is to bookmark the
site (Favorites> Add to Favorites), which makes it easier
for you to return to this site, the next time you are online.
is also a useful idea to install a download manager like
GetRight. This kind of software helps you manage all your
downloads and allows for downloads to resume at the same point
if the connection gets disconnected accidentally. Downloads
are generally .ZIP, .PS or .PDF files. ZIP files are files
that have been compressed in order to reduce their size.
Utilities like WinZip or Pkunzip are needed to restore them to
their original state. PS stands for Post Script while PDF
stands for Portable Data Format. These are standards for
describing graphics and text in an independent format. Most
scientific documents, papers, survey articles and diagrams
will be in one of these two formats. You will need the Ghost
View and Adobe Acrobat Reader software packages to be able to
use these documents.
for Medical Literature
The MEDLINE database (maintained by the National Library of
Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland, USA) is the best way of
retrieving medical information today. This database has over
10 million references, and indexes all articles published in
reputed medical journals from all over the world. Today,
doctors can do their own Medline searches, free of charge,
through the Internet, to find the latest information on any
you are looking for a general topic, then doing a Medline
search is quite easy. However, finding specific information
can be tricky. Also, many doctors complain that they end up
retrieving articles that are of little clinical use. Like
anything else, practice makes perfect. The good news is that
it’s quite easy to learn this as well.
a search phrase is the most important step in finding the
documents that you want – remember- Garbage In, Garbage Out.
If you do not look for the right terms and keywords, you may
not find what you need, and this can be very frustrating!
Natural Language Searching (NLS) is the default method the
search engine uses to find articles related to your query.
Basically, the search
engine will find all documents containing ANY of the words in
your phrase. Fuzzy logic is applied to rank the words in your
phrase. Fuzzy logic is applied to rank the documents by the
number of matched words and number of times these words
appear. Remember that you will achieve better results by using
several relevant words or a phrase are conducted on all Medline
fields , which include: Author(S), article title, abstract,
MeSH terms, journal abbreviation, and publication type.
to refine Medline Search
operators : Words such as AND, OR and NOT may be used to
specifically include or exclude words and topics in your
may be used to define logical expression order. The
parentheses help to group words and /or commands that should
be examined first.
can be used to define a search phrase. For example, to search
for lung cancer, you can enter 'lung cancer' and it will find
those words in sequence.
: append words together with ‘w/x’ to find words within x
words of each other.
may be used in search words to fill in unknown or ambiguous
sections of the word. This is most useful when you need to
find related terms with varied endings. A wildcard is
represented by the '*' character.
: If you would like to find articles on pulmonary infections
in immunocompromised hosts, but don’t
want articles on tuberculosis and viral pneumonia , use
the search phrase: 'pulmonary infection' w/5 immunocompromised-hosts
NOT (tuberculo* OR 'viral pneumonia')
search engines allow you to use Boolean statements or
connectors during your search in order to filter the sites
that are being presented to you as hits. For example, the
following Boolean phrases are most commonly available on
search engines :
AND : This forces both search keys to be present
in a document.
A plus sign before a word also performs the same
OR : This forces at least one search key
to be present
NOT : This forces that the document does not contain
A minus sign before a work also performs the same
first thing that you could do is to determine what is the
default connector used in your search engine. For example, if
you are looking for information on muscle tears that are not
fracture related and type: ‘Muscle tear’, you will he
given a list of sites that contain the word muscle OR tear, or
you will be given a list of sites that contain the word muscle
AND tear, depending on whether the default connector is OR or
further filter your search, you can enter: muscle AND tear NOT
fracture. This translates into documents that have the key
words muscle as well as tear, but not containing the word
fracture. The following sentence also has the same meaning:
+muscle + tear – fracture.
the sentences described above returned too many hits with
documents in which the words muscle and tear were separated
and not together and therefore of no interest to you, you
could now try: + “muscle tear” – fracture.
To become part of the Internet, you will need to create your
own home page. Even if you do not use the Internet too much,
or don’t check mail very often, a homepage is much like
setting up your nameplate. A Web page is the first step in
creating your virtual presence. Apart from allowing other
people to be able to find you
it also lets you give to the whole world your unique
and personal look at life, medicine and anything else in the
universe. You can put up information, help and other details
that people might want to know. This may make your page
very valuable and well known. You could also put up your photographs, your personal likes and dislikes,
anything. Creating a Web page first requires you to find a
place that will store the HTML documents that from your page.
This server is known as your host. Many free sites allow you
to put up your homepage for free. These include famous sites
These sites also help you create your Web page. All you have
to do is to simply follow the directions from the browser.
Another option is to use software like FrontPage or HotDog,
which are professional HTML editors. These software have
wizards that completely automate the Web page building
process, taking you through the whole process. The next step
is to ensure that the page is active and working on the
Internet. Once this is done, you will have to advertise your
page on as many search engines as you can. Remember that
it’s not enough to add a Web page to the Internet, it’s
important to try and ensure that if someone wants to find you,
he/she can. You could use visit counters and a guest book to
try to see who is visiting your page and why. Change your page
occasionally, and keep links current and fresh.
wizard for creating Web pages.
steps to create your home page using
1 : Click the third icon on the left panel and you will have a
wizard welcome you. You are ready to start creating your home
2 : Decide the style of page you would like. This defines the
background and the general format of what goes where on the
3 : Would you like to have visitors to your page sign a guest
book? If yes select the Yes radiobutton. And go on.
4 : Your can also have visitors leave messages for you.
Another simple selection, and you’re through.
5 : Your’re done. Congratulation, you managed to answer
three questions without goofing up.
6 : Now all that remains is to fill in the blanks in Internet
Explorer and you have your page completed. It is not too
great, but just about okay for now. Your can come back and
edit and modify it later.
allowing Web page hosting for free
you want to know about more Free Hosting Companies on Internet
then just surf http://www.freewebspace.net
and Internet telephony are the new buzzwords. These
technologies allow you to communicate with people rather
inexpensively irrespective of where they are in the world.
Simple voice communication is digitized and the communication
medium shifts from telephone lines to the Internet.
example, if you wanted to talk to your friend or contemporary
for his opinion on a particular issue, you could use the power
of the Internet. It is possible to set up a telephonic meeting
wherein all the people could be in different time zones, in
different parts of the world and yet discuss about the same
topic speaking normally, and paying a lot less. You will need
some hardware capable of handling voice to data (and vice
versa) conversion, which is generally available along with any
of the multimedia kits. For an inexpensive trial. Try to get a
microphone and speakers attached to your machine, test them
and familiarize yourself with them.
you as well as your friend need to use software that can talk
to each other (preferably the same) if both of you are going
to use computers. An example of this type of direct
communication is called powwow. With software like the
Internet Phone, you could also call from a computer to someone
on a normal phone line. You may need to pay for some of the
facilities that are available, but these are comparatively
inexpensive. Once set up, you will need to co-ordinate when
both you and your friend are ready to communicate. Then you
can chat, exchange voice messages. Send or transfer files, have
a virtual whiteboard on which you can exchange graphics
message or discussions. The sound quality on must of these
software packages is not very bad the delay, bearable. In any
case, for what it costs, this service is quite unbeatable.
doctor in New Zealand created history by offering the first
remote consultancy practice in the world, using the concept of
information transfer via the Internet. Indian sites are also
joining the trend of providing online consultation. There are
many more such sites planned, and the number of doctors
providing online consultation is on the rise. http://ask.drksm.com
answers the doubts of layman's regarding Health.
for the present, it is best to be careful when you either give
or receive advice from people on the Internet. Even if you
incidentally prescribe some from of treatment and the person
follows it, it could lead to serious repercussions. Many
countries may have rules and regulations on the conduct of
medical practice that is completely different from ours. Even
of you offer or accept advice, be very careful about the
monetary aspects of the transaction easily to anyone, however
genuine it may seem to you. Such information includes credit
card numbers, bank accounts, and tax information. This
information could very easily be misused.
Internet has a vast number of resources at its disposal and
using these resources intelligently could add that edge to
your knowledge and aid you professionally in more ways than
one. Using e-mail to communicate, becoming a part of a
newsgroup, owning a Web page will mean that you have become a
part of the Internet family which is fast drawing the world
closer, shrinking boundaries of age, culture and distance.
Copyright © 2002 Dr. Subrahmanyam